• Published
    25-02-2024
  • Issue
    Vol: 28 Issue: 01, 2024
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PHYTOCHEMICAL ANALYSIS, ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITY AND ANTIBACTERIAL PROPERTY OF OPUNTIA FICUS INDICA SEED EXTRACT AGAINST WOUND INFECTING BACTERIA

  • Kamatchi T1, Buvaneshwaran A2 and Dr. M. Fernandus Durai*

Keywords:Prickly Pear, Betalains, Betacyanins, Superoxide Dismutase, Wound Infecting Bacteria.

ABSTRACT:-
Opuntia ficus-indica, also known as Indian fig or prickly pear, is a cactus known for its therapeutic and nutritional properties. Its unique flavor and texture, along with potential health benefits, are attributed to its compounds found in its tissues. This article explores the plant's phytochemical makeup, antioxidant capabilities, and antibacterial activities. It highlights the plant's antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, and antioxidant properties, and its distinctive red and yellow coloration is attributed to the presence of betalains. Opuntia ficus-indica, a plant with strong antioxidant properties, has been found to be beneficial in reducing the risk of chronic diseases. Its phenolic chemicals and betalains protect cells from harmful free radicals, promoting overall health. Additionally, extracts from Opuntia ficus indica can promote the body's ability to produce superoxide dismutase and catalase, a couple of antioxidant enzymes. Opuntia ficus-indica seed extracts have shown significant antibacterial activity against various bacteria causing wound infections. Bioactive substances like alkaloids and flavonoids contribute to their antibacterial activity. Research suggests these extracts may be useful against both Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria, making them a viable natural alternative for treating bacterial infections due to their broad-spectrum antibacterial activity.