• Published
    06-03-2024
  • Issue
    Vol: 28 Issue: 01, 2024
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PSYCHOSOCIAL FACTORS AND ITS IMPACT ON TREATMENT OUTCOME AMONGST TB PATIENTS RECEIVING TREATMENT FROM GOVERNMENT AND PRIVATE FACILITIES IN THE STATE OF GUJARAT

  • Dr Akash Kumar Lal, Dr Naresh R. Godara, Dr Sandeep Soni, Dr Deepak Vishwakarma

Keywords: #

ABSTRACT:-
Introduction: Tuberculosis (TB) is a communicable disease that is a notable cause of vulnerability, one of the top 10 causes of death worldwide and the foremost cause of death from a single infectious agent. As tuberculosis is a chronic illness, it always interferes life physically, psychosocially, and also economically. Studies have shown that the prevalence of psychiatric disorders, particularly depression, is high among tuberculosis (TB) patients, and may adversely affect treatment compliance. A person suffering from TB can develop depression in due course of time owing to a number of factors. The study's key goals are to determine the prevalence of psychological distress among tuberculosis patients, to comprehend the factors that contribute to psychological distress, and to assess its impact on treatment outcome. Methodology: Cross-sectional study was conducted using quantitative schedule. This research was conducted in the two districts of Gujarat: Vadodara and Chhotaudepur. Random sampling method was used to select 270 samples for this analysis. Telephonic interviews were conducted for data collection. Data on TB patients' socio demographic characteristics, co-morbidities, drug compliance, disease stigma, and patient perceptions of disease seriousness, physical accessibility, and financial status were collected. Results: Numerous factors were identified influencing TB treatment outcomes these included: Depression and anxiety(16%), Substance abuse(9%), Stigma(12%), Social support(21%), Socioeconomic status(18%), and Treatment regimen(14%). Conclusion: By incorporating psychosocial interventions into TB care, healthcare providers can effectively address the complex factors that influence treatment outcomes and contribute to better patient well-being.