• Published
    08-04-2024
  • Issue
    Vol: 28 Issue: 01, 2024
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CRANIAL ULTRASONOGRAPHY IN EVALUATION OF MENINGITIS IN NEONATES AND INFANTS

  • Dr. Jasmine Singh, Dr. Ashutosh Patel, Dr. Tamanna Gupta

Keywords: neonates, Doppler, ultrasonography, meningitis, and infections of the central nervous system.

ABSTRACT:-
A crucial part of diagnosing possible meningitis in babies and assessing the consequences of the illness is cranial ultrasonography. Meningitis is a dangerous infection that frequently affects newborns, babies, and kids and can have life-threatening effects. The diagnosis and treatment of meningitis have advanced significantly in recent years. Still, there is morbidity and lingering neurological impairment. The purpose of the study was to determine the function of ultrasound in the assessment of meningitis and its complications in newborns and infants. Materials and procedures: 26 Patients with clinical signs of meningitis and/or laboratory results who were suspected of having meningitis underwent cranial ultrasonography ( Logiq P9 GE & Logiq P5 GE) using linear (7 to 11 MHz) and curvilinear (3 to 5 MHz) probes. Results: A study of 26 patients with probable meningitis, ranging in age from newborn to one year, was conducted. Sonograms were taken within 72 hours of the baby's birth, and they were repeated on the seventh, fourteenth, or earlier if necessary. Five patients' sonography results were normal. Echogenic sulci (53.8%) and parenchyma (30.7%), ventriculomegaly (46%), ventriculitis (23%), cerebral infarction (3.8%), extradural fluid collection (3.8%), subdural fluid collection/subdural empyema (7.6%), encephalomalacia (3.8%), and cerebral abscess (7.6%) are among the range of sonographic abnormalities in patients. In conclusion, cranial ultrasonography remains a valuable initial imaging examination for the diagnosis, management of complications, and tracking the progression of infants suspected of having meningitis. It is a dependable method that offers helpful information for meningitis diagnosis, treatment, and consequences.